General information about Brazil

Facts on Brazil:

Population: 191.9million
Official languages: Portuguese
Currency: Brazilian Real (BRL)
Time Zone: GMT -3 (Brazil Standard Time); -4 (Central Brazil Time
Capital: Brasilia
Area: 8,511,965 sq km
Dialling code: +55


Rio De Janeiro J F M A M J J A S O N D
Ave Max Cº 30 30 29 27 26 24 24 24 24 26 27 28
Ave Min Cº 23 23 23 21 20 18 18 18 18 20 20 22
Rainy Days 13 11 9 9 6 5 5 4 5 11 10 12

Brazil’s high season runs from December to March. This is when the country fills with both foreign visitors and travelling Brazilian families (school holidays run from mid-December to Carnival, usually in February). Prices rise during this time and you’ll face more crowds, though this is also the most festive time in Brazil.

Brazil’s low season runs from May to September. With the exception of July, which is also a school-holiday month, this is the cheapest and least-crowded time to visit the country – though it can be ­utterly vacant in some resort areas and cold in the south.

The Brazilian weather is good all year-round, there’s no bad time to visit Brazil. But unless you have your heart set on attending Carnival, you may want to avoid the summer crowds (and heat), and visit from April to November. Treks into the Amazon and the Pantanal are best then – especially from June to August, when it’s drier.

Sao Paulo/Brasilia
This area is situated on a plateau and has a mild climate with temperatures averaging 19degrees.

Rio De Janeiro/Recife/Natal/Salvador
The coastal cities of Brazil have warmer climates to balance in with he trade winds. These areas have an average of 26c and in summer time (December to February) can reach well over 38C

Areas such as Curitiba are subtropical and have frosts occurring in the winter months (June to August) with temperatures falling below freezing, however the summers in this area are hot.

The Amazon is not as warm most people would anticipate with temperatures rarely rise above 32C. The days are generally warm and humid. This region has two seasons; the rainy season from November to May and the dryer months June to October. In some parts of the North, December to March is considered winter, since that’s the rainiest season.


Australian passport holders do require a Visa when entering Brazil. You need to obtain the Brazilian visa prior to departing Australia. It can take up to 10working days to process your Visa. The Visa will be valid for a stay up to 90days. Your passport also needs to have a minimum of 6months validity when returning back to Australia.

If you are flying to the USA before or after your South American journey you will need to complete a Visa waiver form prior to departing Australia so you can enter the USA. The form will take up to 15minutes to complete and needs to be approved by the consulate otherwise you can be denied entry into the US.

Local Currency

The Brazilian currency is the ‘real’ (BRL), (reais). The US dollar is also welcome in most tourist establishments.

Safety in Brazil

Brazil as a nation is politically stable however petty crime is just the way of life in this country. Rio De Janeiro in particular is regarded as one of the most crime ridden cities in the world. Travellers are advised to take precautions and not visit slum areas or go wondering on the beach or streets late at night. Muggings, often involving firearms, are high and visitors should avoid wearing jewellery and expensive watches, dress down and conceal cameras. Valuables should be deposited in hotel safes. Beware of unofficial taxis and those with blacked-out windows and be particularly careful on public transport in Rio, Recife and Salvador.